Coastal and River Hazards

Alaska is surrounded by approximately 44,000 miles of coastline (including bays and fjords) and is covered by about 86,000 square miles of water. Alaska's dynamic riverine and coastal environments are vulnerable to geologic hazards because they can change rapidly in response to natural forces and human activities. Coastal and river hazards can result from storm and tidal surges, tsunamis, ice jams, ice impacts and unusually fast thaws in high snow years. Resulting impacts include flooding, erosion and damage to infrastructure.

Below is a list of publications related to Coastal and River Hazards. Select a publication number to access more detailed information and their respective files available for download.

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AOF 125 Report Map
Riehle, J.R., Emmel, K.S., and Bolm, J.G., 1981, Reconnaissance report on surficial geology of the coastal area from Tolstoi Point to Cape Nome, Norton Sound, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Alaska Open-File Report 125, 27 p., 3 sheets, scale 1:63,360.
DS 436 Disk Outside Link
Gibbs, A.E., and Richmond, B.M., 2009, Oblique aerial photography of the Arctic coast of Alaska, Nulavik to Demarcation Point, August 7-10, 2006: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 436, 1 DVD.
DS 503 Disk Outside Link
Gibbs, A.E., and Richmond, B.M., 2010, Oblique aerial photography of the Arctic coast of Alaska, Cape Sabine to Milne Point, July 16-19, 2009: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 503, 1 DVD.
GB 1 Report Map
Pewe, T.L., and Reger, R.D., 1983, Guidebook to Permafrost and Quaternary Geology along the Richardson and Glenn Highways between Fairbanks and Anchorage, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Guidebook 1, 263 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.
GB 8 Report Map Geospatial Data
Reger, R.D., Sturmann, A.G., Berg, E.E., and Burns, P.A.C., 2007, A guide to the late Quaternary history of northern and western Kenai Peninsula, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Guidebook 8, 112 p., 6 sheets, scale 1:63,360.
HA 294 Map
Childers, J.M., and Meckel, J.P., 1967, Flood of August 1967 at Fairbanks, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Hydrologic Investigations Atlas 294, 1 sheet, scale 1:24,000.
HA 455 Report Map
Post, Austin, and Mayo, L.R., 1971, Glacier dammed lakes and outburst floods in Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Hydrologic Investigations Atlas 455, 10 p., 3 sheets, scale 1:1,000,000.
I 1182-G Report Map
Reimnitz, Erk, Graves, S.M., and Barnes, P.W., 1988, Beaufort Sea coastal erosion, sediment flux, shoreline evolution, and the erosional shelf profile: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map 1182-G, 22 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:82,000.
I 1182-H Map
Barnes, P.W., Reimnitz, Erk, and Rollyson, B.P., 1992, Map showing Beaufort Sea coastal erosion and accretion between Flaxman Island and the Canadian border, northeastern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map 1182-H, 1 sheet, scale 1:82,000.
IC 38 ed. 1998 Map Geospatial Data
Nye, C.J., 1998, Volcanoes of Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Information Circular 38 ed. 1998, 2 sheets, scale 1:4,000,000.
IC 38 Map
Nye, C.J., 1995, Volcanoes of Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Information Circular 38, 2 sheets, scale 1:4,000,000.
MF 489 Map
Yeend, Warren, comp., 1973, Preliminary geologic map of a prospective transportation route from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, to Canadian border, Part I, Beechey Point and Sagavanirktok quadrangles: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 489, 2 sheets, scale 1:125,000.
MF 494 Map
Yeend, Warren, comp., 1973, Preliminary geologic map of a prospective transportation route from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, to Canadian border, Part 2, Mt. Michelson Quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 494, 2 sheets, scale 1:125,000.
MF 501 Map
Yeend, Warren, and Brosge, W.P., comp., 1973, Preliminary geologic map of a prospective transportation route from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, to Canadian border, Part III, Arctic Quadrangle (north half), Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 501, 2 sheets, scale 1:125,000.
MF 522 Map
Yeend, Warren, and Brosge, W.P., comp., 1973, Preliminary geologic map of a prospective transportation route from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, to Canadian border, Part IV, Arctic and Table Mtn. quadrangles: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 522, 2 sheets, scale 1:125,000.
MP 144 Report Geospatial Data
Hickman, P.J., Suleimani, E.N., and Nicolsky, D.J., 2012, Digital elevation model of Sitka Harbor and the city of Sitka, Alaska: Procedures, data sources, and quality assessment: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Miscellaneous Publication 144, 38 p.
OF 71-103 Map
Ferrians, O.J., Jr., 1971, Preliminary engineering geologic maps of the proposed trans-Alaska pipeline route, Philip Smith Mountains quadrangle: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 71-103, 2 sheets, scale 1:125,000.
OF 73-31 Report
Brice, James, 1973, Lateral erosion at proposed river crossing sites of the Alaskan pipeline: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 73-31, 39 p.
OF 75-250 Report Map
Lemke, R.W., 1975, Reconnaissance engineering geology of the Ketchikan area, Alaska, with emphasis on evaluation of earthquake and other geologic hazards: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 75-250, 65 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360.
OF 77-32 Report Map
Hopkins, D.M., 1977, Coastal processes and coastal erosional hazards to the Cape Krusenstern archaeological site: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-32, 15 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.
OF 77-272 Report Map
Yehle, L.A., 1977, Reconnaissance engineering geology of the Metlakatla area, Annette Island, Alaska, with emphasis on evaluation of earthquakes and other geologic hazards: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-272, 93 p., 4 sheets, scale 1:250,000.
OF 78-675 Report Map
Yehle, L.A., 1978, Reconnaissance engineering geology of the Petersburg area, southeastern Alaska, with emphasis on geologic hazards: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-675, 92 p., 2 sheets, scale 1:9,600.
OF 83-279 Map
Yeend, Warren, 1983, Engineering - geologic maps of northern Alaska, Lookout Ridge Quadrangle: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83-279, 2 sheets, scale 1:250,000.
OF 83-294 Report Map
Williams, J.R., 1983, Engineering - geologic maps of northern Alaska, Meade River Quadrangle: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83-294, 29 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.
OF 83-457 Report Map
Williams, J.R., 1983, Engineering - geologic maps of northern Alaska, Wainwright Quadrangle: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83-457, 28 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.
OF 84-682 Map
Yeend, Warren, 1984, Engineering - geologic maps of northern Alaska, Utukok River Quadrangle: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-682, 2 sheets, scale 1:250,000.
OF 86-334 Report Map
Carter, L.D., Ferrians, O.J., Jr., and Galloway, J.P., 1986, Engineering - geologic maps of northern Alaska coastal plain and foothills of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-334, 9 p., 2 sheets.
OF 2008-1359 Report Outside Link
Conaway, J.S., 2008, Bathymetric and hydraulic survey of the Matanuska River near Circle View Estates, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1359, 20 p.
P 542-C Report Map
Coulter, H.W., and Migliaccio, R.R., 1966, Effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964 at Valdez, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 542-C, p. C1-C36, 3 sheets.
P 542-G Report Map
Plafker, George, Kachadoorian, Reuben, Eckel, E.B., and Mayo, L.R., 1969, Effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964 on various communities: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 542-G, p. G1-G50, 2 sheets, scale 1:250,000.
P 1235 Report
Scott, K.M., 1982, Erosion and sedimentation in the Kenai River, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1235, 35 p.
PDF 85-14 Report Map
Motyka, R.J., 1985, Preliminary results of water quality investigations at Mendenhall Peninsula and Auke Bay area, Juneau, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Public Data File 85-14, 30 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:6,000.
PDF 85-42A Report Map
Krause, K.J., 1985, Resource information - northwest Alaska area land-use plan, engineering geology: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Public Data File 85-42A, 8 p., 25 sheets, scale 1:63,360.
PDF 90-27 Report Map
Rawlinson, S.E., 1990, Surficial geology and morphology of the Alaskan central Arctic Coastal Plain: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Public Data File 90-27, 326 p., 6 sheets, scale 1:63,360.
PDF 98-37D Map Geospatial Data
Pinney, D.S., 1998, Derivative engineering geologic map of the Tanana A-1 and A-2 quadrangles, central Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Public Data File 98-37D, 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360.
PIR 2001-3D Map Geospatial Data
Pinney, D.S., 2001, Engineering - geologic map of the Eagle A-2 Quadrangle, Fortymile mining district, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Preliminary Interpretive Report 2001-3D, 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360.
PIR 2008-3A Report Map Geospatial Data
Reger, R.D., Stevens, D.S.P., and Solie, D.N., 2008, Surficial-geologic map, Delta Junction to Dot Lake, Alaska Highway corridor: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Preliminary Interpretive Report 2008-3A, 48 p., 2 sheets, scale 1:63,360.
PIR 2008-3B Map Geospatial Data
Reger, R.D., and Solie, D.N., 2008, Engineering - geologic map, Alaska Highway corridor, Delta Junction to Dot Lake, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Preliminary Interpretive Report 2008-3B, 2 sheets, scale 1:63,360.
PIR 2009-6B Map Geospatial Data
Hubbard, T.D., and Reger, R.D., 2010, Engineering - geologic map of the Alaska Highway corridor, Robertson River to Tetlin Junction, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Preliminary Interpretive Report 2009-6B, 4 sheets, scale 1:63,360.
PIR 2013-6 Report Geospatial Data
Koehler, R.D., Reger, R.D., Sicard, K.R., and Spangler, E.R., 2013, Yukon River bridge landslide: Preliminary geologic and geotechnical evaluation: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Preliminary Interpretive Report 2013-6, 69 p.
RI 88-6 Report Map
Motyka, R.J., 1988, Preliminary results of water-quality investigations in the Mendenhall Peninsula and Auke Bay area, Juneau, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 88-6, 20 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:6,000.
RI 93-1 Report Map
Rawlinson, S.E., 1993, Surficial geology and morphology of the Alaskan central Arctic Coastal Plain: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 93-1, 172 p., 6 sheets, scale 1:63,360.
RI 95-3 Report Map
Motyka, R.J., 1995, Photointerpretive surficial geology of areas surrounding Alatna and Allakaket, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 95-3, 8 p., 1 sheet, scale 1 inch = 500 feet.
RI 96-7 Report Map
Mason, O.K., 1996, Geological and anthropological considerations in relocating Shishmaref, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 96-7, 18 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360.
RI 97-14B Map Geospatial Data
Kline, J.T., and Pinney, D.S., 1997, Derivative map of the geologic materials and hazards in the eastern half McGrath Quadrangle, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 97-14B, 1 sheet, scale 1:125,000.
RI 97-15D Map Geospatial Data
Pinney, D.S., 1997, Derivative geologic materials map of the Tanana B-1 Quadrangle, central Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 97-15D, 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360.
RI 97-15E Map Geospatial Data
Pinney, D.S., 1997, Derivative map of potential geologic hazards in the Tanana B-1 Quadrangle, central Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 97-15E, 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360.
RI 97-20 Map
McConnell, V.S., Beget, J.E., Roach, A.L., Bean, K.W., and Nye, C.J., 1998, Geologic map of the Makushin Volcanic Field, Unalaska Island, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 97-20, 2 sheets, scale 1:63,360.
RI 2000-1D Report Map Geospatial Data
Pinney, D.S., 2000, Reconnaissance engineering-geologic map of the Sagavanirktok B-1 Quadrangle, eastern North Slope, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 2000-1D, 2 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360.
RI 2012-2 v. 1.1 Report Map Geospatial Data
Kinsman, N.E.M., and DeRaps, M.R., 2012, Coastal hazard field investigations in response to the November 2011 Bering Sea storm, Norton Sound, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 2012-2 v. 1.1, 51 p., 1 sheet.
SIR 2007-5094 Report Map Outside Link
Coombs, M.L., McGimsey, R.G., and Browne, B.L., 2007, Preliminary volcano-hazard assessment for the Tanaga volcanic cluster, Tanaga Island, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5094, 37 p., 1 sheet.