Thawing Permafrost

Thawing of any soil, subsoil, or other surficial deposit, or even bedrock, occurring in the arctic, subarctic, and alpine regions at variable depth beneath the Earth's surface in which a temperature below freezing has existed continuously for a long time (from two years to tens of thousands of years) [Permafrost]. This definition is based exclusively on temperature, and disregards the texture, degree of compaction, water content, and lithologic character of the material. The thickness of permafrost ranges from over 1000 m in the north to 30 cm in the south; it underlies about one fifth of the world's land area. Syn: pergelisol, perennially frozen ground.Neuendorf, K.K.E., Mehl, J.P., Jr., and Jackson, J.A., ed., 2005, Glossary of Geology: American Geological Institute, 799 p.

Below is a list of publications related to Thawing Permafrost. Select a publication number to access more detailed information and their respective files available for download.

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AOF 125 Report Map
Riehle, J.R., Emmel, K.S., and Bolm, J.G., 1981, Reconnaissance report on surficial geology of the coastal area from Tolstoi Point to Cape Nome, Norton Sound, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Alaska Open-File Report 125, 27 p., 3 sheets, scale 1:63,360. doi:10.14509/42
B 989-F Report Map
Pewe, T.L., 1954, Effect of permafrost on cultivated fields, Fairbanks area, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 989-F, p. 315-351, 1 sheet.
C 42 Report
Pewe, T.L., 1949, Preliminary report of permafrost investigations in the Dunbar area, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 42, 3 p.
C 911 Report
Ferrians, O.J., Jr., 1983, Permafrost and related engineering problems on the North Slope and Beaufort Shelf, Alaska, in U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Geological Survey Polar research symposium; abstracts with program: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 911, p. 38-39.
C 1086 Report
Kvenvolden, K.A., and Collett, T.S., 1993, Permafrost and gas hydrates as possible sources of atmospheric methane at high latitudes, in Kelmelis, J.A., and Snow, K.M., ed., Proceedings of the U.S. Geological Survey global change research forum, Herndon, Virginia, March 18-20, 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1086, p. 92-93.
I 445 Map
Ferrians, O.J., Jr., 1965, Permafrost map of Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map 445, 1 sheet, scale 1:2,500,000.
I 829-B Map
Pewe, T.L., and Bell, J.W., 1974, Map showing distribution of permafrost in the Fairbanks D-2 SW Quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map 829-B, 1 sheet, scale 1:24,000.
I 829-E Map
Pewe, T.L., and Bell, J.W., 1976, Map showing foundation conditions in the Fairbanks D-2 SW Quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map 829-E, 2 sheets, scale 1:24,000.
MF 668-A Map
Pewe, T.L., and Bell, J.W., 1975, Map showing distribution of permafrost in the Fairbanks D-2 NW Quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 668-A, 1 sheet, scale 1:24,000.
MF 669-A Map
Pewe, T.L., and Bell, J.W., 1975, Map showing distribution of permafrost in the Fairbanks D-2 SE Quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 669-A, 1 sheet, scale 1:24,000.
MF 670-A Map
Pewe, T.L., and Bell, J.W., 1975, Map showing distribution of permafrost in the Fairbanks D-2 NE Quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 670-A, 1 sheet, scale 1:24,000.
MF 671-A Map
Pewe, T.L., and Bell, J.W., 1975, Map showing distribution of permafrost in the Fairbanks D-1 SW Quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 671-A, 1 sheet, scale 1:24,000.
OF 88-2 Report
Skudrzyk, F.J., 1988, Stability of openings in alluvial permafrost: University of Alaska Mineral Industry Research Laboratory Open File 88-2, 42 p.
P 400-B Report
Greene, G.W., Lachenbruch, A.H., and Brewer, M.C., 1960, Some thermal effects of a roadway on permafrost, in U.S. Geological Survey, Geological survey research 1960, Short papers in the geological sciences: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 400-B, p. B141-B144.
P 1068 Report
Scott, K.M., 1978, Effects of permafrost on stream channel behavior in Arctic Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1068, 19 p.
PIR 2002-1D Map Geospatial Data
Stevens, D.S.P., 2012, Engineering - geologic map of the Eagle A-1 Quadrangle, Fortymile mining district, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Preliminary Interpretive Report 2002-1D, 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360. doi:10.14509/24544
PIR 2002-3 Map Geospatial Data
Stevens, D.S.P., 2014, Engineering-geologic map of the Dalton Highway from Galbraith Lake to Slope Mountain, southern Arctic Foothills, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Preliminary Interpretive Report 2002-3, 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360. doi:10.14509/25486
PIR 2012-1B Map Geospatial Data
Hubbard, T.D., Reger, R.D., and Gallagher, P.E., 2013, Engineering - geologic map of the Alaska Highway corridor, Tetlin Junction to Canada border, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Preliminary Interpretive Report 2012-1B, 2 sheets, scale 1:63,360. doi:10.14509/24624
Daanen, R.P. and others, 2013 Map
Daanen, R.P., Darrow, M.M., and Hubbard, T.D., 2013, Frozen debris lobe stability, a function of thermal and hydrological processes (poster): American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting, San Francisco, California, December 13, 2013: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys, 1 sheet. doi:10.14509/26886
RI 2013-2 Map Geospatial Data
Reger, R.D., and Burns, P.A.C., 2013, Surficial-geologic map of the Livengood area, central Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigation 2013-2, 1 sheet, scale 1:50,000. doi:10.14509/25179